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DISH Network is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service that
provides satellite television, audio programming and internet
to households and businesses in the United States, owned by
parent company EchoStar Communications Corporation.
EchoStar Communications Corporation is the parent company
of DISH Network and the maintainer of the satellite fleet that
provides the signal that DISH Network markets.

DISH Network's first satellite antenna was simply called the
"DISH Network" dish. It was retroactively named the "DISH
300" when legal and satellite problems forced delays of the
forthcoming DISH 500 systems. It uses one LNB to obtain
signals from the 119W orbital location, and is commonly used
as a second dish to receive additional high-definition or ethnic
programming from either the 148W or 61.5W orbital

After EchoStar obtained the broadcasting assets of a failed
joint venture between ASkyB and MCI Worldcom, it had more
than doubled its capacity by adding 28 transponders at the
110W orbital location. Since EchoStar also owned the
adjacent 119W orbital location it developed the DISH 500
to receive the signals of both orbital locations using one dish
and an innovative dual-LNB assembly. Although the new
20-inch DISH 500 was slightly larger than the then-current
18-inch DISH 300 and DirecTV dishes it had the distinct
advantage of obtaining signals from EchoStar's two adjacent
satellite locations for a theoretical 500-channel capacity. The
DISH 500, as a result, provided very large capacity for local-
into-local service, nationwide programming, and business
services. In order to migrate existing customers to DISH 500,
DISH Network provides value-added channels in addition to
local channels that can only be received with the DISH 500
and newer systems.

In spite of all this capacity EchoStar still needed to fulfill the
dream of nationwide high-definition television and conceived
the DISH 1000 system to receive signals from 110W, 119W
and 129W orbital locations. Originally, DISH Network high-
definition subscribers required two separate satellite dishes.

Today, approximately 70% of DISH Network subscribers can
receive nationwide HDTV channels using the 129W orbital
location, but since the 129W does not effectively cover the
entire United States this solution is not available for large
populations of customers in the Northeastern, mid-Atlantic, and
deep Southern regions of the United States. Unfortunately,
some DISH 1000 subscribers still need a second satellite dish
to receive high-definition local channels. Furthermore, technical
problems with the partially failed satellites used at 129W
have left the reception of high-definition content with the
DISH 1000 an unfulfilled promise for many DISH Network

During DISH Network's quest for capacity, they had
accumulated a dizzying array of satellite broadcasting
technologies, orbital locations, and surplus capacity using
non-mainstream technologies requiring larger dish sizes.
To capitalize on these broadcasting assets DISH Network
started providing extensive ethnic programming that receive
programming from lower-powered satellites broadcasting in
the non-DBS portion of the FSS band. DISH Network offers
specialized equipment for these customers including larger
dish antennas. The SuperDISH, DISH 500+, and DISH 1000+
systems receive DBS signals from both of the primary 110W
and 119W locations (129W for DISH 1000+) as well as
lower-powered FSS signals from either 121W, 105W, or
118.75W. To underscore how exotic these systems can be
the DISH 500+ and 1000+ systems receive circularly-polarized
signals in the non-DBS portion of the FSS band the only
American satellite television service to do so.

While for years DISH Network has used standard MPEG-2 for
broadcasting, the addition of bandwidth-intensive HDTV in a
limited-bandwidth world has called for a change to an MPEG-4
system. DISH Network announced as of 1 February 2006, that
all new HDTV channels would be available in MPEG-4 format
only, while maintaining the current lineup as MPEG-2. Both a
standard receiver and a DVR (Digital Video Recorder) are
available to subscribers for an upgrade fee. DISH Network
intends to eventually convert the entire platform to MPEG-4 in
order to provide more channels to subscribers.

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available anywhere in the contiguous United States! If you
have a clear view of the southern sky, you can be high-speed
surfing today!

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